Friends International English Conversation Group

German conversation – part 1

Posted on: 19. January 2014

Dear Friends of the German language,

in our first two meetings of conversational German, we learned the following phrases:

Greeting somebody and saying good bye:

Guten Morgen – in the morning

Guten Tag – during the day

Guten Abend – in the evening

Gute Nacht – only for saying good bye at night

Auf Wiedersehen – good bye

Tschüß – colloquial saying good bye

Mahlzeit (= “Gesegnete Mahlzeit”) – at noontime for lunch

Asking a direction:

Fährt dieser Bus zum Zoo? – Does this bus go to the zoo?

Wohin fährt dieser Bus? – Wher does this bus go?

Being late (e.g. for an appointment, a meeting):

Es tut mir leid, dass ich zu spät bin – Sorry for being late

Die S-Bahn war verspätet – the S-Bahn was delayed

Ich habe verschlafen – I overslept

At the station:

Der Bahnsteig – the platform

Das Gleis – the track

Der Zug fährt von Bahnsteig / Gleis 1 – the train leaves from platform 1

Zug in Richtung Leipzig – train for Leipzig

Der Zug ist schon weg – the train has already left

Der Zug kommt noch – the train will arrive

Der Zug ist noch nicht weg – the train has not yet left

=> schon – already

=> noch – still

=> noch nicht – not yet

Eating

essen – for humans

futtern – eat fast and much (colloquial)

fressen – for animals or insulting for humans

füttern – feed

Ich esse gerade Mittag – I am just having lunch

Er futtert ganz schön viel – he eats quite a lot

Die Katze frisst eine Maus – the cat is eating a mouse

Addressing people:

Addressing someone by “du” is informal and only for friends or someone you know well. In some professions, colleages address each other by “du”, like IKEA or the media branch. It is the same as being on first name terms in English.

If you are on the job or you don´t know someone well or not at all, you better use “Sie”, especially if the person is much older than you or in a higher position and you want or have to express esteem. It is the same as being on second name terms in English.

Keep learning and practising German, especially if you live in Germany. Conditions are favourable if you live in a native language environment.

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